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Foods of the Bible

Have you ever wondered what types of foods were eaten by our ancestors or would you like to prepare a biblical meal or feast? Perhaps you’d just like to learn more about the different types of foods mentioned in the Bible. This “grocery list” includes spices, fruits, vegetables, grains, fish, fowl, meats and other foods and drinks of the Bible. Scripture references are provided for each of the Bible foods.


  • ዓሣ – Matthew 15:36
  • ዓሣ – John 21:11-13


  • ቆቅ – type of woodpecker – Partridge (1 Samuel 26:20; Jeremiah 17:11)
  • ርግብ – Pigeon (Genesis 15:9; Leviticus 12:8)
  • ድርጭት – Quail (Psalm 105:40)
  • ርግብ Pigeon – Dove (Leviticus 12:8)

Animal Meats

  • ፍሪዳ – heifer – Calf (Proverbs 15:17; Luke 15:23)
  • ጠቦት – lamb – Goat (Genesis 27:9)
  • በግ – sheep/lamb – Lamb (2 Samuel 12:4)
  • በሬ – ox/bull – Oxen (1 Kings 19:21)
  • በግ – Sheep (Deuteronomy 14:4)
  • አደን – Venison (Genesis 27:7 KJV)

For more about Bible foods including traditional Bible feast recipes, check out A Biblical Feast.

Foods of the Bible | Fish, Fowl and Animal Meats

Foods of the Bible | Fish and Fowl

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The Dietary Laws of the Bible

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